What is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)?
DVT or Deep Vein Thrombosis, is the medical term for a blood clot. This is a scary term. Although DVT can occur in any vein in the body the most common location is in the deep veins, of the legs.
What causes Deep Vein Thrombosis?
The risk factors for DVT are immobility, injury to the deep vein, and conditions such as cancer, or genetic clotting disorders. It commonly happens when a person has been on a long airline trip, has been in a hospital after major surgery, or sometimes, it can occur in the legs of people who live in a very sedentary lifestyle and are smokers or are overweight. Certain genetic blood disorders predispose you form bloods as well. If you have a history of people in your family forming blood clots, you may also want to be tested.
What are the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis?
When a person presents with symptoms of a DVT, they notice swelling below the clot, as it blocks the blood return in these veins. As the swelling gets worse they experience leg pain, particularly in the calf, and heaviness.
Sometimes a blood clot forms, and a person may have no symptoms, until the clot dislodges and travels to the lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolus.
If you notice unexplained swelling in one leg, particularly after air travels, or recent hospitalization, seek immediate emergency medical attention.
How is Deep Vein Thrombosis treated?
For most cases of DVT that are found, blood thinners will most likely be the best treatment. These will keep the clot from growing and allow the body to dissolve the clot. The doctor may prescribe compression stockings. In special cases, the doctor may need to give you an intravenous treatment to break the clot up and dissolve it away.
Deep Vein Thrombosis is a serious diagnosis, but treatments are available. The best way for you to avoid a DVT is to be active, and drink plenty of water.
We use the term Superficial Thrombophlebitis to describe clots forming in the superficial veins. This most frequently occurs in patients who have large varicose veins, but may be an indication that a person has an underlying tendency to from blood clots. This is usually treated with anti inflammatory medication, heat, and compression, in the acute phase. In severe cases, blood thinners are sometimes used. Once the inflammation resolves, the veins can be further evaluated and treated.
Call Texas Vein & Cosmetic Specialists today to schedule your initial evaluation.