About Congenital Vein Conditions From Our Houston Vein Specialist
It is relatively common for newborn children to experience some sort of Congenital Vascular Malformation. This is basically just some kind of abnormality in the veins, arteries, or lymphatic system. And nearly half of these occurrences are vein-related. Many of these conditions are temporary and are not anything the parents should worry about. One common version of this condition would be a birthmark, which is technically a form of congenital vein malformation. Although these conditions form during the pregnancy, sometimes they do not form visible symptoms immediately. It may take a while before you see a potential problem. Even though some of the most common occurrences aren’t a threat to your baby, there are instances where it could be a sign of a serious problem, especially deeper in the tissue. This is why you should ask your physician if you see any odd formations on the surface of your child’s skin. Even lesions or marks that aren’t life -threatening can still be a source of annoyance or even pain for your child. Some occurrences that show around the face or smaller limbs can impede your child’s movements, which could be another cause of discomfort.
Symptoms of Congenital Vein Disease
Many of the symptoms of Congenital Vein Malformations are very easy to spot, especially right after birth when the skin is still thin and clear. The most common symptom that may reveal a problem is a visible mass of veins under the skin. A common vascular malformation is the cavernous hemangioma. These appear shortly after birth and begin to grow. They are frequently in the head and neck area of the body. The natural history is that they will begin shrink and may disappear completely by the time the child starts kindergarten or first grade. They are best left untreated unless they interfere with function or bleed.
Klippel–Trénaunay Syndrome is a congenital syndrome that affects about 1 in 100,000 children in the world. In basic terms, it is recognized by severe varicose veins, a birthmark and the affected leg is usually bigger and longer than the other leg (pictured below).
Klippel–Trénaunay Syndrome can predispose the formation of blood clots, and oral contraceptives should probably be avoided in patients with this disorder. This condition can be painful and annoying.
Klippel–Trénaunay Syndrome appears to occur from a sporadic genic mutation. The treatment is generally conservative until the patient insists on treatment due to pain and swelling. In some of these patients the deep veins are underdeveloped. It is important to know if the deep veins are intact before embarking on any surgical intervention. This is a chronic condition and can be managed but not cured. Treatment, when indicated, usually requires a combined effort of all treatment modalities. Dr. Bardwil has a small number of these patients that he has treated and followed over the years.
Call Texas Vein & Cosmetic Specialists today to schedule your evaluation.